of the edge (a,b), and the vertex . M 1 ^M 2, is the zero-one matrix for R 1 \R 2. A directed graph, or digraph, consists of a set V of vertices (or nodes) together with a set E of ordered pairs of elements of V called Given two elements x and y in A, x can be related to y, y can be related to x, both x related to y and y related to x can occur, or there may be no relation between x and y. A digraph D is a loop-digraph … A loop in a loop-digraph is an arc from a vertex v to v: So loops are techincally arcs of the form (v;v) and look like loops when drawn. nodes) together with a set E of ordered pairs of elements of V called . Representing Relations using Digraphs Definition 1 A directed graph, or digraph, consists of a set V of vertices (or nodes) together with a set E of ordered pairs of elements of V called edges (or arcs). … Previously, we have already discussed Relations and their basic types. DEFINITION 1 . These circles are called the vertices. now, either that is an arc from v to w in the digraph, or there isn’t. directed graph, or . Representing Relations using Digraphs 3. a. is called the . The vertex a is called the initial vertex of the edge (a;b), and the vertex b … The vertex . CS340-Discrete Structures Section 4.1 Page 3 Properties of Binary Relations: R is reflexive x R x for all x∈A Every element is related to itself. De nition 5. Representing relations using digraphs. 1 The digraph of a relation If A is a ﬁnite set and R a relation on A, we can also represent R pictorially as follows: Draw a small circle for each element of A and label the circle with the corresponding element of A. Representing Relations Using Digraphs ... •Relations are sets, and therefore, we can apply the usual set operations to them. Combining Relation: Suppose R is a relation from set A to B and S is a relation from set B to C, the combination of both the relations is the relation which consists of ordered pairs (a,c) where a Є A and c Є C and there exist an element b Є B for which (a,b) Є R and (b,c) Є S. ICS 241: Discrete Mathematics II (Spring 2015) Meet If M 1 is the zero-one matrix for R 1 and M 2 is the zero-one matrix for R 2 then the meet of M 1 and M 2, i.e. arcs). edges (or . Representing Relations Using Digraphs. Representing Relations Using Digraphs • Definition: A directed graph, or digraph, consists of a set V of vertices (or nodes) together with a set E of ordered pairs of elements of V called edges (or arcs). De nition 6. A . Representing Relations Using Digraphs De nition: A directed graph, or digraph, consists of a set V of vertices (or nodes) together with a set E of ordered pairs of elements of V called edges (or arcs). digraph, consists of a set V of . Loops are fundamentally dull, so for the most part, we ignore them. initial vertex . vertices (or . 6.3. Representing Relations Using Digraphs Definition: A directed graph, or digraph, consists of a set Vof vertices (or nodes) together with a set Eof ordered pairs of elements of Vcalled edges (or arcs).The vertex ais called the initial vertex of the edge (a,b), and the vertex bis called the terminal vertex of this edge. •If we have two relations R 1 and R 2, and both of them are from a set A to a set B, then we can combine them to R 1 An edge of the form (a,a) is called a loop. Representing Relations with Digraphs (directed graphs) Let R = {(a,b), (b,a), (b,c)} over A={a,b,c} We can represent R with this graph: R: a b c . • The vertex a is called the initial vertex of the edge (a, b), and the vertex b … We can draw a diagram with directed line segments joining dots called a digraph to represent a relation or we can use such a directed graph to define a relation.