235 0 obj <>stream And to expand upon it, according to Google’s definition, a facilitator is a “person or thing that makes an action or process easy or easier”. The process of group therapy is known to elicit changes in the areas of client affective, cognitive and behavioural functioning (Stoiber & Kratochwill, 1998). Wishing best with your next sessions! The broader your facilitation toolbox is, the more skilled you will be in applying the right processes to guide each unique group in its thinking. how facilitation skills used in different training groups such as: I’ve watched way to many City planning processes go nowhere (or blow up) because a) the City staff hired a “neutral facilitator” who wasn’t neutral to begin with and whose professional obligation is to the City Planning Director; and b) the facilitator couldn’t provide productive meeting processes because she had no clue how comments were related, relevant or within reasonable sideboards. 0000114954 00000 n Make sure that people are not left behind or left out of the flow of the discussions. Group telehealth requires competency in two areas — group therapy and telepsychology. I was the OT on a locked inpatient mental health unit as well. I have been a practitioner for over 30 years and have learnt these skills the hard way . I often try to find an introduction activity that leads to further … That’s fantastic to hear, Paula – happy to see you’ve found this useful! Often, there are underlying conflicts behind disagreements taking place in a conversation. If a member (including the facilitator) does hold a formal license or credential, they still participate in the group as a peer rather than as a clinician. Traditionally, the focus of training is on learning. She is the co-ordinator for this course. Alternately, as a facilitator, you would put the emphasis on process design and group interaction techniques in order to come up with a sound process. Gestalt Group Therapy Group advocates advise that group therapy with older adults offers social interaction that counters isolation and loneliness. What is group therapy used for? Do you sometimes feel that the good old pen and paper or the MS Office toolkit combined with email leaves you struggling to stay on top of managing your workshop preparations and delivery? At SessionLab, we’re passionate about helping facilitators improve their practice, discover new facilitation techniques and lead better workshops. Thanks for this!! Happy to hear you’ve found it useful, Devin, you’re welcome to use it as a resource at your facilitation class! What is the minimum and maximum number of clients who should participate in a group? Most frequently, group therapy is recommended as part of a larger therapeutic strategy to help encourage sharing, bonding, and coping. This definition allows for quite a wide application: you can facilitate a meeting to help your group achieve goals, but you can also facilitate a training session to help a group learn new skills. A selection process involving the whole group then picks the best ideas, to save time. Great and comprehensive article! This can be easy to overlook but ensuring you get this right is part of facilitation best practices. A common structure for group facilitation discussions is to apply. This approach can also support co-facilitators to learn and the process for self-help groups. 12 Common Techniques in Facilitating Groups Summary of Techniques and Their Application The following table might be useful for facilitators when deciding what technique that they want to use in various group situations. After proper preparation, the most exciting part of a facilitator’s work is actually running and managing the session and guiding people through the process. The lead and co-facilitator should have similar knowledge and training to shelter staff, as well as skills in management of group process. In some cases, you may get a helping hand from the client’s side, and someone will help you to have everything arranged as you have designed and requested. Group therapy provides an opportunity for group members to act as role models for other members, especially when the group is composed of participants at different stages of treatment. Awesome! Thus, we can distill our definition further into: “Facilitation is the art of leading people through processes towards agreed-upon objectives in a manner that encourages participation, ownership and creativity by all those involved”. Voolu tn 20a, Tallinn, 10918 192 44 This is one of the best articles I have read. Be critical in this stage of the design process so that your facilitation does not suffer from being overwhelmed during the meeting or workshop. Do you provide training to organizations on how to facilitate meetings? Let’s get started! Robert, you did an extremely excellent job, hats down in your art of turning a novice into an expert, skillful facilitator. Explain why certain activities are useful. Ask questions to understand the underlying motivation behind a meeting, and develop a consensus with the client about their goals. You’re welcome, Franklin! You will need practice to master the skills of picking up on the atmosphere, measuring the emotional temperature, and helping the group achieve its potential. 0000008353 00000 n Fortunately, there are plenty of online tools to make your life easier when…, Have you heard of Design Thinking? Group therapy sessions are led by one or more psychologists with specialized training, who teach group members proven strategies for managing specific problems. This allows people at different stages of coping or recovery to come together to understand that … Consensus, in this context, does not mean that everyone must agree with the final decision but that everyone gets an opportunity to share their opinion with the group, and that people are aware of the reasons why a particular decision was made. I trust the group, given a reasonably facilitating climate, to develop its own potential and the potential of its members. Also, even in an interactive, well-facilitated training session, you will spend a significant proportion of time presenting concepts, as you need to provide certain theories and information to deliver the core content of your training. Group Therapy is traditionally broken down into 4 key stages: initial, transition, working and final. Be Specific. Helping improve the client’s ability to both establish and maintain relationships. In this guide, learn about virtual facilitation and be a confident facilitator, whatever the format. In other words, this is called creating a transparent process. By definition, group facilitation means helping everyone in the group contribute in a healthy, productive way. • Participatory Planning Process A good process Facilitator can; Design and develop process(es) to use in a workshop/meeting environment Support, guide and ‘orchestrate’ the group using structured tools, techniques, methods and appropriate interventions to enable the group to achieve the stated purpose and outcomes Group therapy for teens is an ideal choice, as social interaction is a key aspect of the developmental process, and as suggested by Bandura (1989) most social learning takes place by observing others and the results of their actions. Task group facilitation is the art of bringing our understanding of group process to “business” rather than “clinical” purposes. It is important to avoid overly assertive or controlling behavior in a group therapy session, but there are other important factors that must absolutely be kept out of the setting. 0000005817 00000 n Remember that a facilitator needs to prioritize and have realistic expectations of the group. They are a form of group therapy that is available free of charge all over the world, with no membership requirements other than the desire to lead a life free of substance abuse. 0000006271 00000 n Group facilitation where the wrong questions are asked can lead to frustration or wasted time. It is essential that the group feels they have ownership of the outcomes they reach – that they have been guided to find their own solutions, without being told or offered solutions. This comes partially from your session design: include ice-breaker and get-to-know games to help people open up and start speaking. 3. Let’s see what facilitation skills a facilitator needs here: Participation from all group members is essential for a well-facilitated meeting. I’m really glad that you’ve found the article useful! Your facilitation practice will benefit from nailing this stage and learning from it for future workshops and meetings. Enriched me with a lot of knowledge. There are several factors to consider when planning a workshop agenda: In most cases, it is necessary to inform the client about the process that you are planning, and, in general, to maintain steady communication to make sure that all preparations go smoothly. The process of sharing personal information with the group and learning from others’ stories is the foundation of a successful group therapy session. 0000007677 00000 n Benefits. Purpose: The course is intended to prepare students to design, lead, and evaluate psychoeducational groups conducted in a variety of human services and counseling organizations. Be Specific. Development. Invaluable! This also offers a chance to get further insights about the goals and the group, helping you to come up with the right session design. (For example, pre-write instructions on a flipchart paper or on a powerpoint slide. Part of the facilitator’s role is to guide the group in timely conversations and decisions. Congratulations, you have a process! Studies show that remote workers are happier and more productive than their office working counterparts and the benefits for companies moving to distributed workforces are great too! Hi Robert, The best facilitators are in contact with their clients throughout the process and may even get in contact with some of the participants. Therefore the primary job of a trainer is to teach new concepts and skills and to pass on knowledge to the training participants. The procedures associated with the following techniques are described more fully later on in this document. Taking a course on group therapy or group dynamics provides essential background on group development, conflict and how to address it in groups, as well as how to foster group cohesion, identify and repair ruptures, and deal with diversity in groups, says Marmarosh. (An efficient training program should actually be designed to have a balanced interaction). Group facilitation is hard if the group can’t hear one another! 0000006948 00000 n Through the group dynamic, clients foster hope and examine core issues that exacerbate their addictive disorders. They are taught in groups, live in groups, and often play in groups. On the other hand, meetings are also a frequent source of frustration and many people simply prefer to avoid meetings to protect their productive working hours. Show instructions so they can refer to them as necessary. One of the most important things you can do as a facilitator is to create an atmosphere that encourages participation. Have catering arranged so food and drinks are available during breaks, and have the right workshop equipment at hand. So, for a one-day group process, one would need at least 2 days of preparations, although more days may be needed to deal with complex requirements, such as a controversial topic with multiple stakeholders or a large group workshop where parallel work and a whole team of facilitators are required. Interpersonal communication is again an important part of effective facilitation and ensuring you have these facilitation skills can make your job in a workshop much easier. Anthea trained at the Institute for Arts and Therapy in Education (IATE) where she also worked since 2010 as a group process facilitators and trainer. Anthea continues to run groups in a range of organisations and has a private practice working with individuals, couples, groups and supervisees. Meaning, make sure everyone can see each other and remove barriers from the room. After completing practitioner CBT training in 2008, I set out to run an open CBT group therapy. It is perhaps a corollary of this that I have gradually developed a great deal of trust in the group process. Great insight on facilitation skills Robert . Thank you . Starting Off. Thank you! Still, the two worlds do overlap when it comes to speaking in front of a group and managing group conversations. Great learning! As a facilitator, you want to create a participative atmosphere where everyone is involved. Crisp & comprehensive,I found this very, very useful as I embark on a training for academicians who now need to shift from lecture mode to facilitation mode. Group therapy is a form of counseling or psychotherapy that involves a therapist working with several people at once. It is one of the hottest buzzwords of today, easily found in articles and in the news. Nonetheless, I believe that as long as the role of a facilitator is to lead/guide a group through a process to help achieve what the want, the skills and approaches above are valid for both context). If you give me an email address I can share one brochure I developed where this role (which is not mentioned in your article) is described. Interaction based on similar experiences is just one way in which group therapy differs from couples therapy. You’re welcome, Michelle! It is important that you are aware of the passing time during a meeting and that you let participants know when time is running short for an activity. Aim of Project To develop the requisite skills that will enable the student to plan and facilitate a therapeutic group process either as a once off group, or series of interconnected groups in their current clinical setting. It can prevent the need to cancel a group should the facilitator need to be absent for unexpected reasons. this facilitating process is clear and understandable thank you so much. In this article we overview skills and role of the group therapist. This is especially true in effective and productive organizational cultures. The a-ha for me is not just in the integrated use of the various activities, but more with getting a feel of moving in the spirit of improv! GROUP FACILITATION To make the process – the movement – of group interactions and efforts easy, convenient and productive TASK GROUP Any group of people who come together for the purpose of This may be an open discussion, or a structured one, where you as the facilitator use different techniques to help the group to exchange viewpoints, analyze issues, generate ideas and make decisions. For me, this capacity of the group is an awesome thing. 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