closed. When all the sleepers are screwed down, take a few minutes to double-check for flatness. To preview the situation, lay a straight board across the patio in a few spots. The results look just like a deck, but getting them is much easier and less expensive than building a deck from scratch. So any door thresholds adjoining the patio must be at least that far above the concrete. If your patio isn't cracked, you could choose any of the options below or stain, tile or resurface the concrete. New Zealand’s big hardware stores offer DIY advice on building your own deck, (plus you’ll probably get no shortage of advice from well-meaning mates). Building a wooden deck this way does offer the advantage of not needing to worry about digging foundations, putting in joists, etc, but you do have to worry about the proper slope of the concrete porch, allowing for good water drainage, ensuring any parts that would be subjected to possible water pooling are treated against it, and such. They provide the perfect place for outdoor entertaining, add extra square metres to a home’s floor space, and offer sun worshippers a spot to soak up the sun year round. READ MORE ft. of patio. You can avoid the cost and mess of tearing it out by just screwing down wood sleepers and decking over it. Spacers let you run sleepers parallel to the house so decking can run perpendicular to the house (if that's what you prefer). But if you know—or even think—that you have moving cracks, you have to choose a patio upgrade that can “float” over moving cracks without becoming damaged. Luckily, we’ve got some great outdoor flooring ideas over concrete, starting with building a deck! Does this idea have any merit? ‘Tis the season… for updating your interiors, Contemporary cohabitation: crafting a new design story, Sintered stone: star of a traditional kitchen. 1/2”-thick PVC trim or deck fascia (for spacers), plastic shims, 3/16-in. ft., so your total cost could be anywhere from $3 to $12 per sq. Decking & Pergolas Churton Park, Wellington. The grid pattern formed with different-colored decking also added a few hours to the job. Check for flatness with a straightedge. Installing deck boards over sleepers is just like installing them over standard deck framing. If your patio is in good shape, you'll get a flat plane automatically. With a coat of resurfacer, you can make an old patio look like new concrete quickly and cheaply. Local contractors estimated costs of $7 to $10 per sq. You can avoid the cost and mess of tearing it out by just screwing down wood sleepers and decking over it. 27 Timber Decking Materials: Which Wood is Best for Your Backyard? Allow a gap of at least 1/4" between the deck boards for additional ventilation and drainage. THE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS . Lay the joists across the concrete perpendicular to the house wall at 16 inches on center. Most models are cordless, but you can still find inexpensive corded models online. Common grades of treated lumber will rot if kept permanently damp, and flashing tape is the best insurance against that. DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR BOTH ARE GENERALLY THE SAME, THERE ARE SOME DIFFERENCES TO CONSIDER. ft. For looks and durability, we used two different colors of decking made from PVC, but there are less expensive alternatives. If not, this project won’t work for you. TIMBER DECKS OVER MEMBRANE OR CONCRETE. building are set out in NZS 3604:2011 . August 2019. For example, I constructed each beam from 2-by-10 boards laminated together to form a big, brawny 4-by-10. Mix ready-mix concrete bags in a wheelbarrow per the manufacturer’s instructions using a shovel or mortar hoe. DIY: … Spacers keep the sleepers off the damp concrete so they can dry. It's a fairly simple project and the cost is reasonable ($3 to $6 per sq. In order to work out the area just multiply the length by the depth i.e. Our clients wanted to “create a modern look and feel, but wanted something extremely low maintenance” said Matt from Zones Landscaping. We began with the darker “accent” boards, screwing them into place temporarily to act as guides for the “field” boards. Overhang the sleepers along one edge of the patio and trim them to exact length later. I've done my best to protect against those things and take notes/photos of … But they're 2-3/4 in. Cost: The cost of building a patio deck depends mostly on the decking you choose. Outdure’s deck framing system is perfect for improving any outdoor patio area and especially when wanting to build a deck over concrete. Any movement happens so slowly that it's hard to detect. Article by Family Handyman. Some grow wider over time, while others shrink and widen as the soil freezes and thaws. If your patio has ridges and sunken areas, you'll spend lots of time fussing with shims. This project raises the level of your patio by 2-1/2 to 3-1/2 in. You could lay your sleepers directly on the concrete, but we bought a 1/2-in.- thick PVC trim board and cut spacer blocks from it. Whether your patio is in bad shape or just bland, there are many ways to revive it. Tradespeople. Any deck over 1.5-metre in height will require a building consent, and a licensed builder to carry out the work. 4 x 4.8 = 19.2 metres square. Cover the patio with a thin layer of sand, lay pavers over it, and the results look like a standard paver patio. Decks are especially effective when it comes to opening up our indoor spaces. Place the joists on layout and level with the flat shims. Use face fasteners (not hidden fasteners) to attach the deck boards to the sleepers. This was the ultimate bad patio: severely cracked and cratered, some areas raised by frost, others sunken after 50 years of settling. screws. Allow 24 hours to set, remove bracing. The success of any outdoor deck is whether the customer is happy and for Matt & Boyd their customer could not be happier. You can avoid the cost and mess of tearing it out by just screwing down wood sleepers and decking over it. over the years. Need to build a deck over concrete. For the complete story, see How to Build a Patio With Ceramic Tile. Make sure to support the joists with shims every 12 inches because the ripped-down material has diminished structural strength and cannot span much distance. masonry drill bits (minimum drilling depth of 3-1/2 in.). Raise low spots with shims. So, when Outdure presented QwickBuild and their outdoor decking board range to the Zones’ landscaping specialists, Boyd & Matt knew it would be the perfect solution for their client’s deck over concrete project. Mix concrete according to the instructions on the bag and pour in hole. The ultimate solution for a … Extra-depth provides a space for dust and grit, so screws are easier to drive. Read More. Quikrete Concrete Resurfacer and Sakrete Flo-Coat are two common brands. Add shims to raise low spots. ft. or three times that. TILES OVER MEMBRANE OR CONCRETE. HOWEVER, EVEN IF A BUILDING CONSENT IS NOT REQUIRED, CONSTRUCTION MUST STILL COMPLY WITH NEW ZEALAND BUILDING CODE … (Ceramic or stone tiles require a flat surface—they may crack if installed over ridges or depressions.). Instead of removing those concrete front steps, save some time by building a wood deck over and around them. Feb 23, 2015 - Is your old concrete patio an eyesore? We also installed sleepers to support the steps we later added to the concrete stoop. Seven Small Homes (and why the 'tiny movement' is growing), What is a tiny house? In low spots, where we had to stack up shims, we switched to 3-3/4- in. 15 Stout Street, Wellington 6011 w: www.building.govt.nz Tel: +64 4 901 -1499 PO Box 1473, Wellington 6140, New Zealand . Make sure to view my other videos.Heres a time lapse video with some instructions on how to make your own deck. Screwing down sleepers with concrete screws is simple, but there are some things to keep in mind: The sleepers don't have to be level; they can follow the slope of your patio. The other must-have was a level entry transition from the indoor living area to the outdoor living space” said Shane, Sales Manager, Outdure NZ. Height of Deck Against Door Threshold. A concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers. Commercial and multi-unit building work will also need careful planning and may have additional requirements. Since a deck can be built off the ground, it serves up a better view, which can increase your home’s value. We cut the fascia into strips and screwed them to the sleepers. Have a traditional single car garage ( 6.0m x 3.4m ) Thinking about converting it to an outdoor room which would include decking the floor. 2 Building Code and standards ANY DECK OR BALCONY 1.5 M OR MORE ABOVE CLEARED GROUND LEVEL REQUIRES A BUILDING CONSENT. ... How to Build a Deck Over a Concrete Patio. A concrete patio is a great foundation for tile. In order to work out your requirements, the … This patio took much more time—five long days. ie, lay your bearers the joists over the top? This determination considers the compliance of a deck to wall junction with minimal or no gap. Home; Trades; Carpenters; Wellington; Build a deck over concrete; Build a deck over concrete. Drill through sleepers, spacers and into the concrete with a hammer drill, then drive in concrete screws. When it comes to landscaping and design, Matt & Boyd Gillespie know a thing or two! After the first batch hardened, we poured on a thin coat and gave it a slight slope so water would run away from the house. You could probably replace your patio yourself for less than the cost of this project, but DIY demolition and concrete pours are big, backbreaking jobs. Complete DIY projects like a pro! But with spacers, water can run under the sleepers. Learn everything you need to know about installing concrete footings to support your deck. All building work done in New Zealand must comply with the Building Code, and a building consent is often needed. If you live in a climate where the ground freezes, allow an extra 1/2 in. Drill the holes 1/4 to 1/2 in. Freezing water can destroy outdoor tile, so if you live in a climate that freezes, pay extra attention to the details. A deck pier block is in many ways just a simplified version of a “precast foundation”, a foundation type recognized by building codes. If kept damp, common grades of treated wood will eventually rot. But it can be covered up—and this article will show you how. We also took a couple of other water-fighting steps. If you're not in a rush, you can get similar results for less than one-third the cost with concrete topping mix such as Sakrete Top 'n Bond or Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix. A floating deck is ideal for balconies or multi-story facilities. Deck Design ideas - FREE Deck Plans Drawings, Hardwood Decking, Best Kwila Decking Timber Prices - Request Custom Pricing, Delivery + Free Expert Advice. Building work that is considered 'low-risk' is exempt from needing a consent in certain circumstances under the Building Act. Whatever you do, don’t skimp on materials (i.e. Your project can be a whole lot easier if you choose a simple decking design. Leave enough of … Look for the highest hump in the patio and fasten your first sleeper there. ... How to Build a Deck Over a Concrete Patio. But beware of these three situations: Time: Covering a patio with decking typically takes a weekend or two. Then work outward from the high spot, adding sleepers and checking for flatness along each sleeper and across them. Their client had recently built and moved into their house a year previously, but they wanted to upgrade their outdoor area and make it more functional, which included building an undercover area, indoor/outdoor flow, and a bench seat, along with upgrading their gardens with plants. TIMBER DECKS OVER NURASPIKES ... the New Zealand Building Code requires a gap at the perimeter of a Tile/paver or timber deck. Make sure your stringlines are sitting hard down on your profiles and are stretched tight. Tools: Aside from standard carpentry tools, you'll need a hammer drill for this project. If you plan to build a deck that is up to 1.5m high, you don't need a building consent but you may still need a resource consent, depending on the rules in the Proposed Auckland Unitary Plan. Build a Front Deck Over Your Concrete Stairs For Added Curb Appeal Decks are popular backyard features, but they also make for dramatic front entries. We replaced each bit after about 40 holes. The Adjustable Joist Support has been designed specifically to enable decks to easily be built over concrete slabs in areas where limited ground clearance is available. Option 1 : Cover the bottom of the hole with 100mm of concrete. Screws should penetrate the concrete by at least 1 in., so 3-1/4-in. The layout of your deck sleepers will depend on the layout of your decking. Easily customizable. Also, the stain won't hide damage, and any repairs will likely show through the stain. Now the equation looks like this 7.5 x 1.5 x 19.2 = 216, meaning that this deck requires a minimum of 216 bracing units. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. Sign up for our newsletter! You can repair cracks and resurface over them, but the cracks may return. Spacers let the sleepers dry out. We will teach you how to determine the code compliant size of your footings based on the soil type and tributary loads. But there are downsides: You'll have to reseal every one to three years and may eventually have to restain it. Without it, water soaks the tops of the sleepers and the decking prevents the wood from drying. Possible permit. They're easy to use and almost invisible. Level the joists using the shim stock. They are currently landscaping specialists at Zones Landscaping in North Shore and Rodney and they are passionate about ensuring quality workmanship and designing an area that suits their customer’s lifestyle. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Just mix the cement-based powder with water and spread it over the patio. Save Up to 70 Percent on Outdoor Furniture and Accessories in Wayfair’s Way Day Sale, First-Timer’s Guide to Pouring a Concrete Patio, Best Outdoor Rugs for Your Deck and Patio, The Best Insect Repellents for Your Deck and Patio, Best Outdoor Speaker Systems for Your Deck, Our Favorite Patio Hammocks for Your Backyard, The Best Outdoor Coffee Table to Fit Your Space, What to Consider Before Buying a Patio Umbrella, 11 Ways to Create Shade for Your Deck or Patio, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), 9 Ways to Keep Your Dog Active Inside During the Winter, How to Pour a Concrete Slab Successfully: 31 Tips, How to Cover a Concrete Patio With Pavers, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. But consider spending $100 or more. Concrete in posts. Timber- framed … Regarding the code-compliance of decks to a house at 9 Adamson Road, Taipa . Pour a further 100mm minimum of concrete and position the pile. As a bit wears, it doesn't just drill more slowly; it also bores a slightly smaller hole and screws become harder to drive. Exact quantities depend on the shape of your patio and the layout of the decking. The other materials for this project add up to about $1.50 per sq. Even a very small patio will require more than 50 holes, and a more powerful drill will make that chore a lot easier. If you want a more complicated decking pattern, like the one in this project, you'll need doubled sleepers to support any boards that run perpendicular to the others (see Figure A). But they do need to form a flat plane. Even if your patio is in terrible shape, you can deck over it. Determine a working height to set the profile boards. using 4-by-4 posts) when building a freestanding deck. Brace the pile in the correct position and leave to set for at least 24 hours. ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. A slab with this much damage can’t be fixed. My plan was to pour concrete footings, then run doubled up 2x8 beams setting on the footings. They’re subject to all of the same requirements as a typical footing, regardless of not being cast-in-place. They love the low maintenance aspect, but the composite decking colour they picked was perfect for the look they were trying to achieve, and it created a perfect indoor and outdoor flow. With thousands of tradies across NZ, Builderscrack has your job covered. construction must still comply with New Zealand Building Code requirements. In most cases, this project is also less expensive than a new patio installed by a contractor. Total height of low level ground level deck. long; that's too long to sink into our decking if we use sleepers only. In some situations the New Zealand Building Code requires a step down to an open framed permeable deck (your local authority or council will be able to advise you). Deck Footings. Decking ranges from about $1.50 per sq. “A fantastic benefit from an installation point of view with the deck framing system is that it is so quick and easy to install,” said Matt, “it didn’t create much mess, there was no need for diggers at all and given the 3D scanning design system it was super easy to integrate the bench seat – which is a big feature”. That's because cracks tend to move. This allows you to remove and/or replace deck boards (any decking material can be damaged), or if access under the deck becomes necessary. Feb 23, 2015 - Is your old concrete patio an eyesore? At the other end of the patio, a corner of the slab had sunk slightly below the level of the soil and rainwater pooled there. Start with a Layout. When we reached the end of the deck, we removed the center divider board and cut it to final length. But the biggest time factor was the unevenness of the patio surface. Posted 5 months ago. Cracks, craters and seasonal movement along cracks are no problem. 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