The most vulnerable girls who have no access to a quality education, healthcare or child protection mechanisms, are at a much greater risk of child marriage than girls who do. Child, early and forced marriage occurs for a number of reasons including gender inequality, poverty, insecurity and tradition. 9 out of 10 births to young girls happen within marriage. In the least developed countries, that number doubles – 40 per cent of girls are married before age 18, and 12 per cent of girls are married before age 15. Coronavirus could force millions more girls into child marriages. Too young, mentally and physically to become a mother, early motherhood puts the health of the mother and child in danger. Early marriage in Nigeria: introduction. Addressing child marriage and supporting the needs of married girls requires us to consider the economic and structural drivers which act as a barrier to ending child marriage. Americas. In June 2018, a new draft law was proposed to criminalize child marriage, bringing with it a penalty of up to one year imprisonment for those involved, while also taking children away from parents who allow them to be married. The aim of this review was to present the recent evidence on the impact of early marriage and/or pregnancy on the rates of girl child drop out. They lose the opportunity to choos e their partner and . Ending child marriage. EARLY MARRIAGE: CHILD SPOUSES This Digest focuses on early marriage – the marriage of children and young people under the age of 18 – from a human rights per-spective. digest Early Marriage: Child Spouses in 2001, exploring both the reasons behind the perpetuation of child marriage and its harmful impact. Despite laws against it, the practice remains widespread: Globally, one in every five girls is married, or in union, before reaching age 18. According to UNICEF’s latest figures, the proportion of women who were married as children decreased by 15% in the last decade. It shed new light on drivers and decision-making about child marriage across contexts, the impact of child marriage, and what we know about what works to address it. robs the ir future. There is indeed an almost systematic link between child marriage and early child-bearing. A spokesman says: “Child and forced marriage increased by 83% from March-May this year compared to last, while rape, which is linked to child marriage, increased by 151%.” Research into early marriage has tended to concentrate only on specific aspects of its impact such as the effects on repro-ductive health and school drop-out. The only thing worse than child marriage is child pregnancy. Child marriage in India, according to the Indian law, is a marriage where either the woman is below the age of 18 or the man is below the age of 21. UNICEF, Early Marriage. *The total number of girls married in childhood is now estimated at 12 million a year. Due to unsafe sex conditions girl brides are seriously exposed to sexual infections. Although early marriage and pregnancy are often linked to school dropout, evidence proving a direct and causal link is limited. Child marriage is increasing in humanitarian contexts Child marriage is related to child betrothal, and it includes civil cohabitation and court-approved early marriages after teenage pregnancy. Child marriage is a human rights violation. Early child marriage, according to global literature, is defined as formal or informal union between a boy and girl where either or both parties are under the age of 18 years (Girls Not Brides, 2018). Because child marriage can be a precursor to a death sentence: child brides often become pregnant at a young age, long before they are ready physically or emotionally, and this can have devastating consequences. Poverty drives more Filipino women into early marriage The Philippines has the 12th highest number of child brides in the world First of all, if you ask a question if it is legal to force children into marriage, it is actually not legal according to the Child’s Rights Act of 2003, where it is pointed out that the age of consent for a child is 18 years old. Links “Childline India Foundation” “Child marriage in the World” “Documenting Child Marriage for Over a Decade – and Still Going” (Sept. 2015) “Four cases of child marriage reported every week in Bangalore” “United Nations members resolve to end child marriage” (8th Feb. 2017)